For an overview of citing legal documents according to the bluebook, consult the georgetown university law library guide. Table of abbreviations for case names and institutional authors in citations. In a diverse and rapidly changing legal profession, the bluebook continues to provide a systematic method by which members of the profession communicate important information to one another about the sources and legal authorities upon. See your bluebook for specific exceptions involving special designations, place of publication etc. The bluebook contains rules that prescribe how to cite a variety of legal documents. American law reports alr is good resources for background, analysis, and citations about law cases, statutes, and other legal details. The citation format for newspapers and newsletters is largely the same as for nonconsecutively paginated periodicals. Chicago manual of style 16th edition full note american psychological association 6th edition. Bluebook abbreviation for the federal register 42928 page number july 28, 2006 date of federal register issue code of federal regulations c. In a few steps, you can create an alr citation like, martha lee, invasion of.
Treat references to legal materials like reference to works with no author. This page provides bluebook a uniform system of citation, 19th ed. However, the following are rules and examples for other types of legal documents that many firstyear law students may need to cite. The bluebook method is the most widely used legal citation system in the united states. The bluebook style guide is used in the american legal profession for citation of all relevant sources. American law reports contain two kinds of material. Scan your paper for grammar mistakes and catch unintentional plagiarism. Articles cover a topic through cases that focus on a particular point of law. Federal courts bluebook guide guides at georgetown law. B58 18th ed 2005 both contain extensive listings of legal abbreviations for various legal sources. Editors of the yale law journal have announced that the bluebook. This guide may help you in the transition from providing bluebook citations. The full series state and federal of american law reports is available in lexis and westlaw, and it is updated weekly in both online services print volumes of alr are shelved on the 5th floor of the law library at kf 2.
If the article is written by a student author, the designation of the piece see r. Bluebook citation for legal materials purdue writing lab. The twentieth edition of the bluebook is out in time for sale to a fresh crop of 1ls. Citation to numbered federal reports should include the abbreviation for the entity issuing the report, the number of the congress connected by a hyphen to the number of the report, the page on which the material begins and the year of the publication. Colorado appellate reports, wisconsin reports, federal reporter, washington reports, massachusette reports, u. Additionally, the chicago manual of style recommends its use for all citation of legal material. These articles collect the cases from a variety of state and federal courts or jurisdictions and arrange them according to how the courts have ruled. Supreme courts own unique citation style is based off of the bluebook method. American law reports researching secondary sources in law. This page contains abbreviations for some secondary sources you will frequently use in legal research that are not included in the bluebook. Understanding legal citations legal citation abbreviations search this guide search.
Citations are to the 20th edition of the bluebook, a uniform system of citation. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator. Adapted from georgetown law library guide to citing cases when citing a supreme court case, you should cite the. The two major instances in which a parallel citation may be needed are. Cite discussions in selective case reporters such as american law reports and lawyers reports annotated. The citation to a house and senate report is cited. Using alr has become the standard for many law papers and citing them can be done with either the bluebook citation or the association of legal writing directors alwd citation. For additional examples, see the basic bluebookingsecondary sources in legal documents tipsheet, provided courtesy of the law library at the pace law. How to cite us government documents in apa citation style. Shields, annotation, snowboarders liability for injuries to or death of another person, 15 a.
Reports, illinois reports, federal supplements, south western reporter, supreme court reporter, american jurisprudence 2d, north eastern. This is the first of a series of posts that will explore how well that venerable guide addresses the conceptual and practical issues faced by lawyers, judges, and law students whose legal research and writing take place in a predominantly electronic environment. If a journal does not otherwise indicate the volume number but does continuous pagination across issues, use the year as the volume number. Alr libguides at loyola university chicago law library. Alr annotations not only contain citations to primary. Generations of law students, lawyers, scholars, judges, and other legal professionals have relied on the bluebook s unique system of citation in their writing. The proper bluebook citation for articles appearing in consecutively paginated journals is volume number, abbreviation of the periodical name, first page of the article, and specific pages cited, if any volume. The bluebook is the guide to citing legal documents in the united states. In apa style, references to legal citations should follow the legal citation principles outlined in the bluebook. Name of the case underlined or italicized and abbreviated according to rule 10. American legal citation lii legal information institute. American law reports alr starting points to begin your legal.
A b c d e f gh i jk l m n o p qr s t u vwxyz show all. Citation rule for books, reports, and nonperiodical materials. Problems, cases, and materials 2006 when you are citing to a work that has been published by the same publisher more than once, you should cite the edition and the year it was published in. Citations are to the 20th edition of the bluebook, a uniform system of citation rule 16. There are too many rules for this introductory guide to cover.
Parallel citations for the following publications, not all of them have a parallel cite. In other words, a parallel citation references location information for more that one source of a case. United states congressional serial set based upon the bluebook style, citations to the serial set should reference the specific house or senate report or document. Code or a comparable compilation of state statutes need not indicate whether you accessed them in print or from an electronic source, nor need you indicate that you accessed a law journal article on lexisnexis, westlaw, heinonline or the journals own internet site. Article series that provides indepth coverage of legal topics. Supreme court case, you must cite to the official reporter, the united states reports, if the case is published therein table 1, p. A uniform system of citation cabell reference kf245. Alr first year legal research guide libguides at loyola. The central function of a legal citation is to allow the reader to efficiently locate the cited source. American law reports alr law research guide research. American law reports researching secondary sources in.
Bluebook abbreviation michigan uniform abbreviation am. This method is taught and used at the majority of u. You may use these abbreviations whenever citing one of these sources for any legal research classes offered at akron law. State case law citations are generally made up of three parts. The bluebook is a style guide for legal citation in the united states that is used by lawyers, scholars, judges, law students, paralegals, and others involved in the legal profession. Parallel citations are used when the same case is printed in two or more different reporters. The bluebook citation manual abbreviation, followed by the alwd citation manual abbreviation. There are many permutations of citing to legal periodicals. A42x 1962 westlaw campus research offcampus access requires my. Most are based in some way on the american association of law libraries aall universal citation guide, 2nd ed. Legal researchers will frequently encounter citations to state case law. Annals annals annals of the american academy of political and social science. American law reports frequently abbreviated and referred to as alr contains indepth articles on narrow topics of the law. Parallel citations for the following publications, not all.
For help with other source types, like books, pdfs, or websites, check out our other guides. American law reports annotations, first through fifth series and federal series. School of government legal citation and style guide. Unlike legal encyclopedias, alrs do not attempt comprehensive coverage of every topic. Citations may also include other parenthetical information and the subsequent history of the case, if necessary. The bluebook legal citation guide now available online. Citing secondary sources sample bluebook citations. With thousands of attorneyauthored articles covering the entire breadth of u. Be sure to consult the bluebook for specifics in general, cite to the authors, title of the article in italics, volume number of the source, title of the source i.979 497 1280 511 1254 128 1442 901 1563 1542 1535 1076 1120 278 41 1253 1472 1069 1273 420 250 704 552 1275 1510 76 1144 1114 1479 669 679 142 148 1333 55 70 1325 1167